Summary Analysis Odysseus names himself and begins telling the story of his long travels after leaving Troy. In the beginning of the journey, he and his men sacked the city of the Cicones and carried away many spoils; Odysseus wanted to leave, but his men decided to stay and plunder and feast.
Sailing to the northwest along the coast of the Aegean Sea Odysseus and his fleet of twelve ships raided the Ciconian people, taking much booty and plunder.
Odysseus lost over seventy men before reaching his ships and taking off once more to sea. Odysseus dragged his wailing men back to the ships, and they again moved out to sea.
They came next to the land of the lawless Cyclopes, who lived solitary existences in cavernous dwellings. Sailing around the island, Odysseus found the cave of the mighty Polyphemus.
He chose twelve companions from his ship to accompany him, and went ashore to explore the cave. Inside, they found the master of the cave away, although there were many sheep and goats locked up in pens inside the cave. A tall, fenced-in yard enclosed an area immediately outside the cave.
When the enormous Polyphemus did arrive home from pasturing his flock, Odysseus and his men fled from the awesome sight of him.
After milking his goats and sheep, Polyphemus greeted his guests. He then proceeded to eat them whole. When the brute had finished his feast and was in the midst of taking a nap, Odysseus planned to kill him, but reconsidered when he remembered the immovable boulder.
When the Cyclops awakened in the morning, he ate two more men before taking his sheep to pasture, leaving the dreaded boulder behind to block the exit. Odysseus hatched a plan, and went across the cave to where Polyphemus kept a felled olive tree.
Odysseus and his men fashioned a long spike out of this, and hid it before the Cyclops returned home. After the monster had finished his grisly meal, Odysseus offered him a drink of wine from a silver mixing bowl. Odysseus had received this wine, which was unbelievably potent, from a Ciconian priest of Apollo whose life he had spared.
One would normally dilute this wine in 95 percent water before drinking it. Now, Odysseus offered it unmixed to the mighty giant, who drank several draughts of it before collapsing in a drunken stupor.
Awakening in agony, Polyphemus ripped the spike from his socket and screamed in agony to his fellow Cyclopes for aid. Tricked into thinking that Polyphemus was calling to them for nothing more than a personal problem, the Cyclopes left their compatriot to his doom.
The enraged Cyclops then pushed the boulder away from the entrance and guarded the way with outstretched arms, hoping to catch Odysseus and his men as they fled with his sheep.Free summary and analysis of Book 9 in Homer's The Odyssey that won't make you snore.
We promise. The basic geographic orientation of The Odyssey begins with Troy, which was on the coast of the country known today as Turkey. Most agree that the wanderings of Odysseus took him to the vicinity of Italy and Sicily, although speculation has carried him as far afield as Iceland.
Jul 18, · This book and the next three are largely told in flashback, as Odysseus fills in the details of his adventures over the past 10 years. His retelling reveals mistakes that he made, as well as the courageous or cunning actions he took. (). The next morning, when Polyphemus, blind, lets his rams out in the morning, Odysseus and his men ride out with them, tucked under their bellies and using the animals as shields.
As Odysseus and his men sail away, however, Odysseus again employs questionable judgment, shouting taunts at the wounded monster.
Odysseus replies that his name is “Nobody” (9. ). As soon as Polyphemus collapses with intoxication, Odysseus and a select group of his men drive the red-hot staff into his eye.
As soon as Polyphemus collapses with intoxication, Odysseus and a select group of his men drive the red-hot staff into his eye. Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Book 13 Book 14 Book 15 Book 16 Book 17 Book 18 Book 19 Book 20 Book 21 Book 22 Book 23 Book 24 Themes All Themes Fate, the Gods, and Free Will Piety, Customs, and Justice Cunning, Disguise, and Self-Restraint Memory and Grief Glory and Honor.