This book, and the excellent essays within, were the first to take Robert E. Howard and his work seriously and to consider Robert E. Howard a major literary figure. The essay, "The Dark Barbarian," sprung into existence as a continuation of an argument first begun by Don Herron in "Conan vs Conantics" Two-Gun Raconteur 3, where he argues that there is an intrinsic, and unfortunate, difference between the conception of Howard's original Conan character and the conception of the character as portrayed in the imitations.
Methods employed[ edit ] Feminist scholarship has developed a variety of ways to unpack literature in order to understand its essence through a feminist lens. Others schools of thought such as gynocriticism - which is considered a 'female' perspective on women's writings - uses a historicist approach to literature by exposing exemplary female scholarship in literature and the ways in which their relation to gender structure relayed in their portrayal of both fiction and reality in their texts.
Gynocriticism was introduced during the time of second wave feminism. The ultimate goal of any of these tools is to uncover and expose patriarchal underlying tensions within novels and interrogate the ways in which our basic literary assumptions about such novels are contingent on female subordination.
In this way, the accessibility of literature broadens to a far more inclusive and holistic population. Moreover, works that historically received little or no attention, given the historical constraints around female authorship in some cultures, are able to be heard in their original form and unabridged.
This makes a broader collection of literature for all readers insofar as all great works of literature are given exposure without bias towards a gender influenced Freudian literary criticism essay.
The rise of decadent feminist literature in the s was meant to directly challenge the sexual politics of the patriarchy. By employing a wide range of female sexual exploration and lesbian and queer identities by those like Rita Felski and Judith Bennet, women were able attract more attention about feminist topics in literature.
It has also considered gender in the terms of Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysisas part of the deconstruction of existing relations of power, and as a concrete political investment.
More specifically, modern feminist criticism deals Freudian literary criticism essay those issues related to the perceived intentional and unintentional patriarchal programming within key aspects of society including education, politics and the work force.
When looking at literature, modern feminist literary critics also seek ask how feminist, literary, and critical the critique practices are,with scholars such as Susan Lanser looking to improve both literature analysis and the analyzer's own practices to be more diverse.
In it, Woolf argues that in order to write creatively and be critically successful, a woman must be able to own her own space and financial stability.
And though the basis of the plot is around a Woolf speaking at a conference for women's literature, she speculates that there is still a long way to go for women and so-called 'women's issues' in creative space, especially based on the differences in educational quality Woolf observed between men and women.
Beginning with the interrogation of male-centric literature that portrayed women in a demeaning and oppressed model, theorist such as Mary Ellman, Kate Millet and Germaine Greer challenged past imaginations of the feminine within literary scholarship.
Within second-wave feminism, three phases can be defined: During the feminine phase, female writers adhered to male values. In the feminist phase, there was a theme of criticism of women's role in society.
And in the female phase, it was now assumed that women's works were valid, and the works were less combative than in the feminist phase. By this time, scholars were not only interested in simply demarcating narratives of oppression but also creating a literary space for past, present and future female literary scholars to substantiate their experience in a genuine way that appreciates the aesthetic form of their works.
Additionally, Black literary feminist scholars began to emerge, in the post-Civil Rights era of the United States, as a response to the masculine-centric narratives of Black empowerments began to gain momentum over female voices.
An Anthology, edited by Cade is seen as essential to the rise of Black literary criticism and theory.
The literary scholarship also included began with the perception of Black female writers being under received relative to their talent. The Combahee River Collective released what is called one of the most famous pieces in Black literary scholarship known as "A Black Feminist Statement"which sought to prove that literary feminism was an important component to black female liberation.
In Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar published The Madwoman in the Attican analysis of women's poetry and prose, and how it fits into the larger feminist literary canon. This publication has become a staple of feminist criticism and has expanded the realm of publications considered to be feminist works, especially in the 19th century.
The book specifically argues that women have largely been considered in two distinct categories by men in academia, monsters or angels.
Gilbert and Gubar argued that being trapped in these categories regulated women writers to specific areas of literature and writing, leaving the rest open only to men, and causing a distinct anxiety in women's writers to stay specifically within those categories or be ridiculed.
Today, writers like Gloria E. During that same time, Deborah E. McDowell published New Directions for Black Feminist Criticism, which called for a more theoretical school of criticism versus the current writings, which she deemed overly practical.
In this essay McDowell also extensively discussed black women's portrayal in literature, and how it came across as even more negative than white women's portrayal.
As time moved forward, the theory began to disperse in ideology. Many decided to shift towards the nuanced psychological factors of the Black experience and further away from broad sweeping generalizations.
Others began to connect their works to the politics of lesbianism. Some decided to analyze the Black experience through their relationship to the Western world. Regardless, these scholars continue to employ a variety of methods to explore the identity of Black feminism in literature.Literary criticism, the reasoned consideration of literary works and attheheels.com applies, as a term, to any argumentation about literature, whether or not specific works are analyzed.
Plato’s cautions against the risky consequences of poetic inspiration in general in his Republic are thus often taken as the earliest important example of literary criticism. Psychoanalytic Criticism is defined by Moon (, p) " as seeing literary texts as representing the unconscious thoughts and desires shared by members of a culture.
It provides a way of exploring the social construction of personal identities, especially through the readers interaction with the text.". In order to define Freudian literary criticism, we will examine how various critics approach Freud's work.
We will pay special attention to issues of creativity, author psychology, and psycho-biography.
More about Essay Psychoanalytic Criticism. Essay about Heart of Darkness: Psychoanalytic Criticism Words | 19 Pages; My Antonia. The Philosophy and Literature Bad Writing Contest ran from to For an essay giving background on the contest, click here..
We are pleased to announce winners of the fourth Bad Writing Contest, sponsored by the scholarly journal Philosophy and Literature.. The Bad Writing Contest celebrates the most stylistically lamentable passages found in scholarly books and articles.
INTRODUCTION by Edward Waterman. Presented here in its entirety is Don Herron's famous essay, "The Dark Barbarian." This essay first appeared in the book of the same name, The Dark Barbarian, and was first published in This book, and the excellent essays within, were the first to take Robert E.
Howard and his work seriously and to consider Robert E.
Howard a major literary figure. American literature - Literary and social criticism: Until his death in , Edmund Wilson solidified his reputation as one of America’s most versatile and distinguished men of letters.
The novelist John Updike inherited Wilson’s chair at The New Yorker and turned out an extraordinary flow of critical reviews collected in volumes such as Hugging the Shore () and Odd Jobs ().